Backgammon- History Of The Game

As one of the most popular table games in and out of the casinos, backgammon continues to amaze players with its endless possibilities. Although considered as a game of chance, a little bit of strategy up your sleeve may go an extra mile. Before you sit and play and even master all there is about backgammon, it will help to really get the game by knowing where is came from.

Backgammon is the oldest recorded game in history. It is believed to have originated in the ancient Mesopotamia. It used to be played on a wooden table or stones while dice were made from wood, clay, stones, or bone remains. Backgammon has been associated with royalty. Archaeologists discovered artifacts that indicate the game's popularity among the nobles and royalties of Rome, Greece, Persia, and the Far East. The Romans introduced the game 'tables' to their conquered lands. Backgammon comes from the phrase 'bac gamen' which means 'back game'.

There was no specific documentation of the game's existence until the early 1700's through Edmond Hoyle. The game's popularity spread all throughout Europe. Amidst several variations like the French 'tric trac' and Germany's 'puff' in Germany, most games followed the rules set by Hoyle. These rules remained unchanged until the 1930's when it was introduced in America. The new rules set are to be the ones we have today. The doubling cube was not introduced until recently and was brought mainly to increase the gambling stakes.

Backgammon is meant to be played by two persons and is likewise played on a board which has 24 triangles considered as 'points'. The backgammon board is subdivided into 4 areas called quadrants. There are six narrow triangles with alternating colors in each quadrant of the backgammon board. The colors make it easier for players to once they make their moves. The quadrants are the player's home board, the one on the right, his outer board on the left, the opponent's home board, and his equivalent outer board. The home and outer boards are separated by a bar.

Each of the points or the narrow triangle is numbered for each player starting from his home board. The first point from the right corner of the home board is the point numbered one and point directly opposite it is the point numbered twenty-four, which corresponds to the opponent's point number one.

Each player has fifteen pieces of checkers with its own distinct color. The starting placement of the checkers is two on each player's twenty-fourth point while five checkers are placed on each player's thirteenth point. Three checkers are positioned on each player's eighth point, while five checkers are placed on each player's sixth slot.